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Repair of LADA KALINA. Level 1 (60 videos)

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  • Product Code: remont-lady-kaliny-1-uroven
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Repair of LADA KALINA. Level 1 (60 videos)

Video course Repair of LADA KALINA. Level 1 (60 videos)

1. Replacing the timing belt and tension roller

Timing Belt (Timing Belt) This is a rubber closed belt, with notches on the inside, designed to synchronize the crankshaft and camshafts of the engine.

2. Change oil and oil filter

It is recommended to change the engine oil every 10 t. km of run. If you purchased a used car, it is advisable to replace the oil and oil filter immediately. In addition, the need for a replacement period depends on the operating conditions of the car.

3. Replacing the fuel filter

The fuel filter is used for fine cleaning of the fuel supplied to the cylinders. It is recommended to change the filter every 40 thousand kilometers. If your vehicle is revving slowly and using a lot of fuel, a dirty fuel filter may be the cause.

4. Alternator drive belt and tension roller replacement

A weakly tensioned belt and its condition can be judged by the characteristic "whistle" from under the hood. A broken alternator belt does not bode well for serious problems, but it can bring certain troubles. Together with the belt, it is recommended to change the tension roller, since sooner or later it will also fail, having used up its resource.

5. Replacing the air filter

If it seems to you that the car accelerates worse and uses more fuel, the cause may be a clogged engine air filter. The filter changes on average after 20 thousand kilometers, but replacement may be required more often, depending on operating conditions, for example, driving on dusty country roads.

6. Changing the cabin filter

It is advisable to change the cabin filter every 10 thousand kilometers, but if the mileage of the car is small, in order to take care of your health, it can be changed every half a year, depending on the condition. If the windows are not fogged in the cabin in humid weather, this indicates that the cabin filter is clogged and has difficulty letting in air.

7. Replacing spark plugs

If the engine in the car does not run smoothly: troit, stalls, low idle speed the cause may be a malfunction of one or even more spark plugs. The candles are changed on average every 40 thousand kilometers, but this need may arise more often for some reason.

8. Replacing the front brake pads

If the braking system behaves inadequately during braking a squeak is heard, you feel a beating and the brakes are applied weakly or, on the contrary, too abruptly, this indicates that the time has come to replace the brake pads.

9. Replacing the rear brake pads and brake drum

Rear brake pads need to be changed on average every 50 - 60 thousand km. Brake drums change with wear or deformation. The maximum permissible inner diameter of a brake drum is 201.5 mm, if the current diameter exceeds this value, then the brake drums must be replaced.

10. Replacing bulbs for headlamp, rear headlight and license plate light

If any of the lamps does not light: dipped, main beam, side lights, stops, turn signals, first of all, you need to check if it has burned out.

11. Replacing the battery

If the battery charge is less than 12 volts, then most likely the car will not start. The battery can be charged with a special charger. If the battery quickly gains density and boils, then the battery will not last long and it is better to replace it. Operation it couldn't be easier.

12. Replacing the front suspension ball joint

If the ball joint wears out, a backlash appears, a knock is heard on the unevenness of the road, the readings of camber and toe are disrupted. As a result, rubber is worn out unevenly and the car can be sideways when driving straight on a flat road.

13. Replacing the coolant

Into the cooling system "Lada Kalina '' both antifreeze and antifreeze can be poured. There are 7.8 liters of fluid in the entire cooling system. The coolant must be changed every 75 thousand kilometers, or at the end of its service life, whichever comes first.

14. Gearbox oil change

The oil in the checkpoint is changed every 50 thousand kilometers. And at least once every 100 thousand kilometers. The service life of the oil can also be influenced by its quality and car operating conditions.

15. Replacing the front brake hose

The brake hose should be free of cuts, cracks to a layer of reinforcement, bulges and streaks. If at least one of these defects is present, it must be replaced.

16. Replacing the front brake discs

If the brake disc is less than the minimum thickness, it must be replaced. In addition, the disc can be overheated and deformed, and vibration can be felt when pressed on the brake pedal at speed. When replacing brake discs, the brake pads must also be replaced.

17. Replacing the boot shock absorbers

Trunk shock absorbers serve to keep it open and smoothly close. The principle of operation in different versions of the body is the same, the difference can only be in size. Replacement process very simple.

18. Generator replacement

The generator is driven by the engine through a drive belt. The generator may not charge for several reasons: it does not rotate the drive belt is loose or broken; the pulley on which the belt runs has broken or unscrewed; brushes worn out; diode bridge burned out; the armature winding has broken, the bearings are seized.

19. Replacing the trapezium and wiper motor

Wiper trapezoid it is a device that drives windshield wipers. If, when the wipers are turned on, they do not work, and the fuse is in order, then you need to replace the wiper trapeze assembly, or separately the wiper motor.

20. Replacing the ignition coil and high voltage wires

Ignition coil it is the element of the ignition system that generates low voltage. If the engine troit, accelerates poorly, stalls, then the cause may be a faulty ignition coil or high-voltage wires.

21. Replacing the reverse gear solenoid

Sometimes it happens that we turned off the reverse gear, we go forward, and the buzzer continues to beep and the reversing lights do not go out. In this case, the reverse solenoid must be replaced.

22. Replacing the oxygen sensor (Lambda probe)

The first symptom of a malfunction of the oxygen sensor Lambda probe (λ-probe) this is an uneven engine operation, jerking, jerking, premature catalyst failure, increased fuel consumption, as well as non-compliance with toxicity standards. In this case, it must be replaced.

23. Replacing the crankshaft position sensor (DPKV)

If the car does not start, and the computer, in this active test, does not see the engine speed at the moment of start (while the crankshaft pulley is not torn, not unscrewed, rotates without wobbling, the connector is on the sensor and the wires are not frayed), the reason may be in malfunction DPKV.

24. Replacing the idle speed controller (IAC)

A malfunction of the IAC may be indicated by: unstable engine idle speed, spontaneous increase or decrease in engine speed, engine shutdown when the gear is disengaged, the lack of increased speed when starting a cold ...

25. Replacing dashboard bulbs

In Lada Kalina, as in any other car, the dashboard illumination lamps periodically burn out. Then, when driving at night, part of the dashboard is not visible, which can be very uncomfortable.

26. Replacing the speed sensor

The speed sensor is installed on the gearbox. The speed sensor, like the speedometer drive in Lada Kalina, is electronic. Sometimes it happens, more often in wet weather, that the speedometer needle begins to "jump" and reaches 180 km/h at low speed, which clearly indicates a malfunction of the speed sensor.

27. Replacing the mass air flow sensor (MAF)

According to the readings of the mass air flow sensor, the ECU calculates the volume of fuel injected into the cylinders. If the mass air flow sensor does not work properly, a car can consume a large amount of fuel and lose power at the same time. In this case, the sensor should be replaced.

28. Bleeding the brake system

Brake system it is a system that provides braking and a complete stop of the vehicle with manual or automatic control. Brake hoses may wear out, brake pipes may crack. There may be some accidental damage as a result of careless repairs.

29. Replacing the rear brake cylinder

If a red exclamation mark begins to light up on the dashboard, and the brake fluid level is below the minimum mark, this indicates that the brake system may not be tight. The malfunction must be found and eliminated.

30. Replacing the front brake caliper

Caliper bracket it is an integral part of the front brake. Guides are inserted into the bracket along which the caliper and pads go. The bracket itself is screwed to the steering knuckle. It needs to be replaced if it is deformed, broken, or the mounting bolts are broken.

31. Replacing the silent blocks of the front wishbones

If the car "drives away '' to the side on small bumps in the road, or when you press the gas pedal, the cause may be worn out silent blocks of the front levers. They serve to keep the wheel from longitudinal movement, as well as to smooth out the unevenness of the road transmitted to the car body.

32. Replacement front shock absorber support bearing

If, when performing any maneuvers cornering, braking a metallic noise is heard in the area of ​​the wheels, this may indicate that the support bearing of the front shock absorber is out of order. In this case, the bearing will break the seat in the support. The bearing should be replaced to avoid trouble.

33. Replacing the anti-roll bar

In the stabilizer bar, rubber bushings wear out or it breaks in half. This is accompanied by extraneous knocks in the front suspension when driving over bumps and large rolls of the car when cornering, which significantly impairs the car's handling and stability on the road.

34. Replacing the valve cover gasket

Over time, the gasket dries out, from constant high temperatures and cooling, and oil begins to pass through. From above, the engine becomes greasy from oil drips, and then dirty from accumulated dust.

35. Starter replacement and repair

If at the moment of start we hear only clicks and after that nothing happens the car does not start, then, most likely, the starter retractor relay does not work. Sometimes the brushes on the electric motor and the shaft bushings wear out in the starter, then it starts to rotate tightly.

36. Replacing the thermostat

The principle of operation of the thermostat is simple: it opens and closes the flow area for circulation of coolant in a small or large circle. If the engine overheats and the lower radiator pipe is cold, this indicates that the thermostat is not working and needs to be replaced.

37. Replacing the fuel pump

The fuel pump is needed to supply fuel and create a certain pressure in the fuel line, which is necessary for normal engine operation. In case of insufficient pressure, in addition to deteriorating fuel supply, the fuel pick-up grid can also become clogged. In addition, the pump itself may fail.

38. Replacing the throttle position sensor

The fuel pump is needed to supply fuel and create a certain pressure in the fuel line, which is necessary for the normal operation of the engine. In case of insufficient pressure, in addition to deteriorating fuel supply, the fuel intake mesh can also become clogged. In addition, the pump itself may fail.

39. Replacing fuel injectors

A nozzle is an electrical device. There is one injector per cylinder. Problems arise due to the settling of various resins and debris inside the nozzle, the amount of which depends on the quality of the fuel. Over time, the injectors become clogged, or they stop holding pressure and pour too much fuel.

40. Replacing the muffler, different parts separately

The muffler consists of several parts, the rear part muffler, middle part resonator and front collector with a downpipe. The muffler is exposed to high temperatures, and being under the car, it rusts and decays.

41. Replacing the ignition switch

When we take out the key from the ignition, the steering shaft is locked and the steering wheel does not rotate. Sometimes in Lada Kalina in the ignition lock the key sticks and does not turn, then the lock has to be replaced.

42. Headlight unit replacement

One headlamp unit combines: side, low and high beam, direction indicator. If the headlamp is damaged, it must be replaced.

43. Replacing the crankshaft pulley

There is a toothed sector on the pulley and the crankshaft sensor reads the engine speed from it. Over time, the rubber part of the pulley breaks and the outer part of the pulley either falls off or remains stationary relative to the crankshaft. The engine will not start at the same time. Then it is necessary to replace the crankshaft pulley.

44. Checking engine compression

The pressure reading gives us information about the state of the internal elements of the motor. For example, about the cylinder-piston group, cylinder head gasket, valves. There are tolerances in which a working internal combustion engine must fit. If it doesn't fit into these readings, then it's time to repair the engine.

45. Replacing the parking brake cables

The parking brake cable may jam, break or stretch. If the handbrake lever does not rise and the car does not lock, then, most likely, the cable is jammed. If the parking brake lever is pulled up to the end but the car is not fixed in place - the cable is torn or stretched. It needs to be replaced.

46. Rear suspension wheel bearing replacement

If an abnormal noise appears when driving from either side on a flat road, the wheel bearing is likely to fail. At first, the noise is heard at high speed 80 km/h, over time it is already audible on the smaller 50 km/h A hum is heard when hanging the wheel and turning it manually.

47. Replacing the front suspension shock absorber

The need to replace the suspension shock absorbers is evidenced by a knock when driving through irregularities, strong rolls when performing maneuvers and a sharp deterioration in the car's handling.

48. Replacing the tie rod end

The tie rod end is used to transfer movement from the steering rack to the wheel when turning the steering wheel of the car. If you hear a knock from the front suspension when driving over bumps, a worn tie rod end may be the cause.

49. Replacing shock absorbers and rear suspension springs

In the rear shock absorber, the O-ring, oil seal and rubber bushings in its upper and lower mounts wear out. In addition, the shock absorber spring may fail. If at least one of the springs is broken or sagged, they still change in pairs.

50. Replacing the front suspension wheel bearing

If, when driving on a flat road, abnormal noise appears on either side, the wheel bearing is likely to fail. At first, the noise is heard at high speed from 80 km/h, over time you can hear it even at a lower speed - 50 km/h.

51. Replacing the outer CV joint and the CV joint boot

When we drive with the steering wheel turned and hear uniform clicks, crunches, this means that the CV joint is out of order. Very often, due to a torn anther, dust, dirt and moisture begin to get through the gust.

52. Gearbox semiaxis oil seal replacement

To diagnose oil leakage from the gearbox semiaxis oil seal, the car must be installed on the inspection pit or raised on a lift. The oil seal is located in the gearbox housing and the inner CV joint is inserted into it. If we see oil drips in this place, the oil seals need to be replaced.

53. Replacing the engine oil pan gasket

The sump gasket dries out over time from constant high temperatures and cooling, and oil begins to leak. The bottom of the pallet becomes wet and dirty, greasy oil stains appear on the ground after an overnight stay.

54. Replacing the radiator and engine cooling fan

The radiator and engine cooling fan are required to keep the engine at operating temperature. The cooling radiator requires replacement if it is leaking - in this case, coolant starts to flow out of it, or it is clogged and does not perform its function of cooling.

55. Replacing the clutch and crankshaft rear oil seal

When the clutch disc wears out, the pedal "picks up '' when starting off. at the very top, and slips at high revs, i.e. the engine picks up speed, but the car does not accelerate. Sometimes the release bearing or clutch basket petals fail.

56. Replacing and adjusting the clutch cable

The clutch cable may break, or walk hard and wedge, in which case it must be replaced. In other cases, it is enough to simply tweak it.

57. Replacing the brake master cylinder

If after pumping the brakes removing air from the brake system in the absence of brake fluid leakage, long pedal travel to the stop, or the brake pedal fails altogether, replacement of the master brake cylinder is required.

58. Replacing the vacuum brake booster

The vacuum brake booster is needed in order to increase the pressure acting on the brake pedal. The diaphragm of the vacuum booster can begin to let air through, as a result of which it ceases to create additional force.

59. Replacing the interior heater fan

Periodically, the bearing inside the fan wears out, which is why it starts to hum, and then stops working altogether. In this case, it must be replaced entirely.

60. Replacing the water pump and oil seals of the crankshaft and camshaft

Failure of the water pump may be indicated by a grinding noise under the hood, leakage of antifreeze, a whistle of a bearing depending on what exactly in the pump is out of order. When the oil seals are worn out, oil begins to leak under them.

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